LEFEVRE D'ETAPLES, Jacques

(c. 1455-1536)
Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples, a Renaissance humanist dedicated to the pursuit of authenticity, blazed the trail that led from Renaissance to Reformation. His contemporaries, including Desiderius Erasmus,* Martin Luther,* and John Cal­vin,* praised him for his accurate translations of and commentaries on the text of the Bible.
Born in Etaples, France, Lefevre went to Paris as a student, graduated with a master of arts in theology, became an ordained priest, and then taught philos­ophy and mathematics at the College du Cardinal Lemoine until 1508. In his earnest pursuit of authenticity, which he located at the source, Lefevre fearlessly criticized scholars at the University of Paris for their complacent use of corrupt Aristotelian texts. To remedy the situation, Lefevre dedicated himself to pre­paring critical Latin translations of Aristotle's works in 1492.
His diligence as a scholar and teacher quickly earned Lefevre a reputation of being first among contemporary men of letters. It was a reputation reaffirmed not only by his translations, commentaries, and annotations of the Aristotelian corpus but by the prodigious number of carefully edited volumes he produced on mathematics, philosophy, the Hermetic writings, the works of Dionysius the Areopagite, and the texts of mystical authors like Ramon Lull, Jan van Ruys-broeck, and Nicholas of Cusa. As his career advanced, Lefevre became increas­ingly interested in biblical exegesis. In 1507 Lefevre published a critical edition of De fide orthodoxa (The Orthodox Faith) by John of Damascus, and in 1509 he argued for the primary of Scripture in his Quincuplex Psalterium (Fivefold Psalter). With its five different Latin versions, including Lefevre's own revision of the Vulgate, the Quincuplex Psalterium was a pioneering essay in textual criticism and practical hermeneutics.
For the remainder of his life, Lefevre expended tremendous energy writing scriptural commentaries and translating the Bible into French. He also encour­aged and directed the publication of numerous other scholarly projects devoted to the exposition and translation of the Scriptures. In spite of efforts by his adversaries at the Sorbonne to censure his ideas, Lefevre continued to strongly advocate a number of reforming doctrines, such as justification by faith and not works, that he had developed independently through intensive study of the Bible. Lefevre's rigorous scholasticism earned him many enemies, but the powerful patronage of Francois I* and Marguerite de Navarre* enabled him to live the remainder of his life, from 1526 onwards, free from political and religious per­secution.
Bibliography
P. E. Hughes, Lefevre: Pioneer of Ecclesiastical Renewal in France, 1984.
Whitney Leeson

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

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  • Lefevre d'Étaples, Jacques — (ca. 1450 1537)    humanist, theologian    Known also by his Latin names of Fabri, or Faber Stapulensis, Jacques Lefevre d Étaples was born in Étaples, Picardy, and taught philosophy at Paris. Named vicar to the bishop of Meaux, he created in… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Lefèvre d'Étaples, Jacques — born 1455, Étaples, Picardy died March 1536, Nérac, France French humanist, theologian, and translator. Ordained a priest, he taught philosophy in Paris (1490–1507), after which he worked with the abbey of Saint Germain des Prés. When suspected… …   Universalium

  • Lefèvre d'Etaples, Jacques — (ca. 1453 1536)    French humanist, known in Latin as Faber Stapulensis. He was a major influence on the evangelical religious reformers of the early 16th century and on the earliest French Protestants, though he never broke his own connection… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Lefèvre d'Étaples, Jacques — (1455, Étaples, Picardía–mar. 1536, Nérac, Francia). Humanista, teólogo y traductor francés. Ordenado sacerdote, enseñó filosofía en París (1490–1507), tras lo cual trabajó en la abadía de Saint Germain des Prés. Cuando fue sospechoso de haberse… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lefèvre D´Étaples, Jacques — ► (1450 1536) Filólogo y exegeta francés, conocido por Faber Stapulensis. Tradujo la Biblia al francés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lefèvre D´Étaples — Lefèvre D´Étaples, Jacques …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples — Lefèvre d’Étaples Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (auch genannt Jacobus Faber Stapulensis; * 1450 oder 1455 in Étaples, Picardie; † 1536 in Nérac) war ein französischer Theologe und Humanist. Sein Name verbindet sich vor allem mit La Sainte Bible en… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacques Lefevre d'Etaples — Jacques Lefèvre d Étaples Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lefèvre. Lefèvre d Étaples Jacques Lefèvre d Étaples, connu aussi sous le nom de Jacobus Faber ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples — Jacques Lefèvre d Étaples Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lefèvre. Lefèvre d Étaples Jacques Lefèvre d Étaples, connu aussi sous le nom de Jacobus Faber ( …   Wikipédia en Français


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